EXCEL

IN

CRE

BY

LIVINUS WESONGA

Copyright © 2014
All rights reserved by Livinus Wesonga
No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, graphic, electronic, or mechanical including photocopying, recording, taping or by any information retrieval system, without permission in writing of the publisher.
Ariba Technologies & Book Publishers
P.O Box 503-40600
Siaya –Kenya
Website: www.aribatecbp.com
Email: admin@aribatecbp.com
Tel; 0723 987926
Printed by; Susmo Enterprises
Email; susmoenterprises@gmail.com
Tel; 0720170655
ISBN:  978-1500162696
First published 2014


PREFACE
Excel in CRE book is written to assist both learners and teachers in Secondary School to prepare for the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education. It aims at meeting the requirements of both the Kenya National Examinations Council and the Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development syllabi. It also conforms to the current setting trend in Christian Religious Education, both Papers 1 and 2. It is complete with examination tips to guide learners, especially candidates, on how to tackle exams in the subject.
The purpose of the book is to guide learners in identifying the areas that are examined in Paper 1 and 2, since it outlines the topics in the order in which they are examined in each of the two Papers. It aims at providing insight to the learners and to equip them with the necessary knowledge with which to relate with God, themselves and with others in the society. It builds moral values in the learner.
This book ends with past KCSE papers, from 2006 to 2013, Papers 1 and 2, plus their marking schemes. This content should guide the learner to test his/her ability to answer KCSE questions, and to even know the marking points of each question tested previously.


SARAH WALIAULA
EXAMINER, CRE PAPER 1

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I would like to greatly appreciate dear my parents, Nicholas and Anne, who have been of invaluable support, and whose advice I have always cherished to live by. My sincere gratitude goes to Rt. Rev. Bishop Emmanuel Okombo, my brothers and sisters, who have always challenged me by their success, inspiration and humility. All I can I say to my professional mentor, Mr. Mutenyo Michael, whom I really admire his character, hardwork and wisdom, is may the good God bless you abundantly. I am indebted to my colleagues and great friends, Robert Okapel, Andrew Ondieki, Otieno Wanga, Sarah, Consolata, Susan Ombima, Sheila, Amos Kiprotich, James Nyaga, David Aswani, Jonam, David Maina and many more whom I may not be able to mention here, but may they accept my gratitude. Many thanks to my students at St. Monica Chakol Girls High School, who always gave me a reason to do quality work in preparing lesson notes and to research widely, which later culminated in this book. To the Publishers, editors and all those who contributed to the success of this work in one way or another, where I cannot individually thank them, I say, may God life up His countenance on you. Lastly, I give thanks to our Almighty God who provided the energy and determination throughout the writing of this book.May His name be exalted forever.

 

EXAMINATION TIPS
  • The cover page instructions should be read and understood by the candidate. As a candidate turns the paper to Page 1, the candidate will find six questions – they should pick five questions in order of their ability.
  • Each question has instructions which must be read and understood. There are two types of questions.
  • Closed ended/restricted questions which require that a candidate writes only the number of points asked for. No marks are awarded for extra points beyond the specified number.
  • Open ended/Unrestricted questions: these require that the candidate give as many points as possible. However, candidates need to check on the marks allocated to such questions so as not to waste time in answering them. They should give points which can match the marks allocated or exceed by two points.
  • Read the questions and understand what the question requires.
  • Number your work properly e.g. a, b, c,
  • Be neat and presentable.
  • Start by answering questions which will fetch the candidate maximum marks e.g. 20 marks
  • Write answers in prose/continuous manner.
  • Arrange work in set paragraphs.
  • Candidates should develop more than one idea in a paragraph. This is possible because the candidate is writing answers in prose, so as he/she is thinking about an answer, he/she develops another one to complement what he/she already has written.
  • Candidates should avoid abbreviations e.g. RSV, 1st Pet but say Revised Standard Version, 1st Peter.
  • The use of Biblical terminologies is highly recommended. For example, the animals which Abraham presented for sacrifice were a three-year-old heifer, and not a cow.
  • Answering of particular points require good mastery of content to organize work in paragraphs. Lack of adequate information result in repetition of points which will disadvantage the candidate.
  • Candidates need to be keen throughout the session while dealing with different questions.

Frequent terms used in questions

  • Describe, relate, and narrate: candidates should tell the story as it is.  No explanations or interpretations are required.
  • Identify: answer the questions by telling the examiner the right answers to the questions.
  • State: in brief, tell the examiner what you know about the question in statement form.
  • Outline: give a brief overview.
  • Explain: look at the question keenly, then tell the examiner what you know about it in a convincing way. Such questions sometimes have two sides, identify the point, then give details about it.
  • Lessons learnt about: this means characteristics, virtues, qualities. For instance:

Question: What lessons do Christians learn about God from the call of Moses (5 marks)
Answers include: God hears/responds to the cry of his people, God is powerful, God is omnipresent

  • Lessons learnt from: This explains the relevance, significance of an event. Example:

Question: What lessons do Christians do Christians learn from the incident when Abraham was willing to sacrifice his son Isaac. (6 marks)
The answers should begin by “Christians should be…”

  • Ways: answer to such questions involving ways demand that candidates give practical involvement of Christians and other parties e.g.

Question: Ways in which the church the elders promote harmony and mutual responsibility in traditional African communities. (8 marks)
The answer should begin by: Elders acted as spokesmen and reconciled warring parties.
Question: Ways in which the church is helping in maintaining peace in Kenya. (6 marks)
Answer: Through preaching peace, condemning all kinds of discrimination and creating awareness.
Candidates should at all times give positive answers to questions.

  • Activities, events, actions: Candidates should look at what was happening in a particular story and give the events as they were happening e.g.

Question:    Give five actions from the life of Abraham which show his faith in God. (Genesis 12, 15. 17, 19, 22)
In the answers, Genesis 12, 15, 17, 19 and 22 indicates that answers should only come from the chapters indicated. No mark will be awarded outside the brackets of the verses.

  • Questions on similarities and differences:

Use in both… for similarities
Use whereas, while, or but for differences.
Differences should come out clearly from the same point.

  • A number of questions require candidates to exercise their reasoning abilities e.g. Give reasons why the division of the Bible is important to Christians today.

The use of the Bible as a text book or for reference is very important. This is because it brings out the ideas as they occurred and words used are most appropriate for answering descriptive questions.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAPER ONE

  1. Introduction to C.R.E.............................................................................................................. 1
  2. The Bible................................................................................................................................. 2
  3. Creation and the Fall of Man.................................................................................................... 7
  4. Faith and God’s Promises: Abraham........................................................................................ 15
  5. Sinai Covenant: Moses............................................................................................................ 22
  6. Leadership in Israel: David and Solomon.................................................................................. 32
  7. Loyalty to God: Elijah.............................................................................................................. 40
  8. Selected Old Testament Prophets and their Teachings.............................................................. 47
  9. Amos...................................................................................................................................... 52
  10. Jeremiah.................................................................................................................................. 62
  11. Nehemiah................................................................................................................................ 75
  12. SELECTED ASPECTS OF AFRICAN RELIGIOUS HERITAGE......................................... 83

      (a) The African concept of God, Spirits and Ancestors............................................................. 83
      (b) African Moral and Cultural values....................................................................................... 90

PAPER TWO

  1. Old Testament Prophecies about the Messiah........................................................................... 112
  2. The Infancy and Early Life of Jesus.......................................................................................... 117
  3. The Galilean Ministry............................................................................................................... 124
  4. The Journey to Jerusalem......................................................................................................... 143
  5. The Jerusalem Ministry............................................................................................................ 164
  6. Jesus’ Passion, Death and Resurrection.................................................................................... 170
  7. Gifts of the Holy Spirit ............................................................................................................ 180
  8. Unity of Believers ................................................................................................................... 186
  9. Introduction to Christian Ethics ................................................................................................ 191
  10. Christian Approaches to Human Sexuality, Marriage and Family:.............................................. 193

(a) Marriage............................................................................................................................ 202
(b) Family................................................................................................................................ 210

  1. Christian Approaches to Work................................................................................................ 218
  2. Christian Approaches to Leisure.............................................................................................. 228
  3. Christian approaches to Wealth, Money and Poverty................................................................ 237
  4. Christian Approaches to Law, Order and Justice...................................................................... 245
  5. Christian Approaches to selected issues related to Modern Science, Technology & Environment..253
  1. K.C.S.E. QUESTION PAPERS 2006 – 2013...................................................................... 262
  2. K.C.S.E. MARKING SCHEMES 2006 – 2013.................................................................. 273

Topic 1: INTRODUCTION TO CRE
MEANING OF CRE

  1. It is the study of God’s self-revelation to human beings through the person of Jesus Christ, scriptures and the Holy Spirit.

REASONS WHY CRE IS TAUGHT IN SCHOOLS

  1. It enables students get a better understanding of God.
  2. It enables students acquire principles of Christian living.
  3. It enables students appreciate their own religion and that of others.
  4. Enable students contribute to the achievement of the national goals of education.
  5. Helps students form a bridge for further studies and career development.
  6. Enables students have a better understanding of the bible.
  7. Helps students identify answers to some life’s questions for instance why people die.
  8. Enables students contribute to the development of the whole person i.e. spiritual, moral, emotional and physical development.

National Goals of Education in Kenya include:

  1. To foster nationalism, patriotism and promote national unity.
  2. To promote social, economic, technological and industrial needs for development.
  3. To promote individual development and self-fulfillment.
  4. To promote sound moral and religious values.
  5. To promote social equality and responsibility.
  6. To promote respect for and development of Kenya’s rich and varied cultures.
  7. To promote international consciousness and foster positive attitude towards other nations.
  8. To promote positive attitudes towards good health and environmental protection.

In what five ways can teaching of C.R.E enhance national unity in Kenya?                          

  1. It teaches about the universal brotherhood through Adam and Eve.
  2. Develops oneness in Christian unity.
  3. It teaches equality of human kind before God.
  4. It imparts the virtue of love which brings unity.
  5. It teaches about the destiny of man.

How does the teaching of CRE in secondary schools promote international consciousness?

    • It helps one to respect other people’s cultures.
    • It helps one to appreciate the universality of God.
    • CRE teaches that human beings have one origin and destiny.
    • It teaches about love, respect and unity.
    • It teaches social moral values which strengthen unity among citizens.
    • Through the study of CRE, people learn that they are equal before God.
    • It teaches on the importance of understanding oneself and appreciating others.
    • It teaches on tolerance.

    Topic 2: THE BIBLE
    THE BIBLE AS THE WORD OF GOD (Hebrews 1: 1 – 2; 2 Timothy 3: 16; Revelation 22: 18)
    Give reasons why the Bible is referred to as the Word of God

    1. The Bible is the inspired word of God.
    2. The authors of the Bible wrote under the influence of the Holy Spirit.
    3. God took part in the writing of the Bible e.g. he wrote the Ten Commandments.
    4. It contains the true message of God for daily living.
    5. God reveals himself to Christians through historical events in the Old and New Testaments.
    6. Through the Bible, God communicates His will to Christians.

    Why is the Bible is referred to as Good News?

    1. Bible has a message of hope.
    2. Contains messages of reconciliation.
    3. Through it man gets salvation from his fallen state.
    4. It gives an answer to the suffering of man.
    5. It gives a man revelation of mysteries.
    6. Through it God communicates his will to man.
    7. It brings mankind closer to God.
    8. Makes human beings to be aware of their destiny.

    Give reasons why Christians refer to the Bible as a holy book.

    1. It talks about God who is holy.
    2. The writers were inspired by God.
    3. It calls for spiritual purity.
    4. It is the word of God.
    5. It is used in worship and adoration.
    6. It contains laws of what God expects of us.
    7. Its presence signifies God’s presence.
    8. It is a summary of the salvation history of mankind.
    9. It is the core of Christian’s faith.
    10. It is the mirror and guide to Christianity and its tenets.
    11. It is reserved for special uses like worship.
    12. It is a source of Christian’s instructions.

    Why do Christians read the bible?

    1. It is the word of God.
    2. It provides moral and spiritual guidance.
    3. Helps them to discover the will of God.
    4. Reading it is an aspect of worship.
    5. It is the basis of Christian doctrines/teachings and practices.
    6. It gives guidance on relationships among human being.
    7. Christians come to discover who they are.
    8. Helps human beings to understand the universe and their relationship to it.
    9. It helps in spiritual development and maturity.
    10. It is a source of inspiration.
    11. It helps human beings to understand the meaning of their lives and relationship to God and to one another.

Buy a copy at only Kshs 550 and enjoy your reading..